- When the Dow hits a fresh record high after a long drought, as it did last week, it tends to be followed by aboveaverage performance.
- We believe the continued strength of the U.S. economy and corporate profits are the biggest reasons stocks have been resilient in the face of the ongoing trade dispute with China.
- The market’s resilience in the face of rising interest rates is encouraging but not surprising based on history
The Dow joined the S&P 500 in reaching fresh new highs last week. The record came after a drought lasting nearly eight months. The blue chip index has lagged the S&P 500 Index and Nasdaq Composite this year amid escalating trade tensions, which have weighed on the larger multinational U.S. companies that make up most of the 30-stock Dow Jones Industrial Average (Dow). This week, we’ll discuss the impact of the Dow’s new high and whether stocks have enough support from economic growth and corporate profits to build on recent gains.
NEW HIGHS TEND TO PRECEDE MORE NEW HIGHS
When the Dow reaches a new high, more new highs and above-average performance tend to follow. When there is a lot of time between record highs, the gains tend to be larger and more frequent. In fact, when a record high is the first in more than seven months, the average gain for the Dow in the following six months was 6.3%, with gains occurring 87% of the time (over 15 instances since 1950). Both of those measures are better than the historical performance for the Dow over all six-month periods, as shown in Figure 1. Performance under those circumstances was even better over longer periods (e.g., 12 months), though it was similar over three-month periods. Of course, history doesn’t always repeat, but we think the Dow has more new highs to make over the rest of 2018 and into 2019.
A new high for the Dow also may be a positive economic signal. Based on data back to 1950, within six months of a Dow record high, a U.S. recession occurred less than 1% of the time. Over the subsequent year, the occurrences haven’t been much higher, at 2.2%, compared with about 13% during any time in the period covered.
Some investors may be perplexed by the stock market’s recent strength amid the ongoing trade dispute with China. The latest headlines—including news over the weekend that China had canceled trade talks slated for this week—have provided little cause for optimism. United States and Canadian trade officials have struggled to get NAFTA 2.0 over the finish line, and there is still work to be done with Europe. China is the primary target, but not the only source of trade-related angst.
So why have stocks done so well? We think the continued strength of the U.S. economy is the biggest reason. Some of the highlights:
- After a very strong second quarter, gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to grow roughly 3% in the second half, per Bloomberg consensus. Consumers are in great shape and business spending is picking up.
- The job market remains strong. Jobless claims reported last week fell to the lowest level since 1969. Income growth is starting to pick up, but is well below levels that have historically been worrisome for the Federal Reserve (Fed).
- Business and consumer confidence measures are quite high. The Institute for Supply Management (ISM) manufacturing survey is at its highest level of the economic expansion. Bloomberg’s and the University of Michigan’s current conditions consumer confidence readings both are at or near the highest levels since the dot-com bubble. The University of Michigan consumer expectations index just surpassed its highs of the current economic expansion, while the National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB) Small Business Optimism Index hit an all-time high last week
- The leading economic index (LEI) gained or was flat for the twenty-seventh straight month in August, rising 6.4% year over year and signaling more economic growth ahead. This is the longest streak without a negative LEI since the mid-1980s.
Some segments of the U.S. economy are cooling, including housing and autos, and we acknowledge the risk associated with further escalation of trade tensions. However, we expect the positive impact of fiscal stimulus, including tax reform and increased government spending, to more than offset these potential drags on growth and help support continued gains in stocks.
MORE STRONG PROFIT GROWTH AHEAD
Strong profit growth has also helped buoy the stock market in recent months. After two quarters of annual S&P 500 earnings growth over 25%, a 22% increase is expected in the third quarter (which ends this week), followed by an expected 20% increase in the fourth (according to Thomson Reuters). Although the earnings growth rate may slow a bit in the second half, the strong economic backdrop—notably high manufacturing and business confidence—is likely to support continued solid earnings gains through year-end and into 2019. We plan to preview earnings season here within the next two weeks.
10-YEAR YIELD BREAKS 3%
Recent gains in the stock market are also encouraging given rising interest rates. Since August 24, the 10-year yield has moved from 2.81% to 3.06% while the S&P 500 is up about 3%. So should investors be worried about a further rise in rates? As long as the potential move is fairly gradual, as we expect, we don’t think so. Historically, as shown in Figure 2, stocks have done quite well when rates rise—particularly over the past three decades. In fact, since 1996, stocks have risen with higher rates every single time (12 out of 12 times). Since 1962, the S&P 500 has gained an average of 6.1% during the rising rate periods, with gains in 83% of those periods (average increase in yield of 2.2%, average length of time of 13 months).
Bottom line, we do not see rising interest rates as a reason to sell stocks, particularly in the absence of runaway inflation. The market is interpreting higher rates as a response to better growth, not as a reason to fear a policy mistake, which we find encouraging. Find more details on the upcoming Fed meeting in this week’s Weekly Economic Commentary.
Last week the Dow Industrials joined the S&P 500 and Nasdaq at fresh record highs, supported by a favorable outlook for the U.S. economy and corporate profits. Even though the S&P 500 is within the range of our year-end forecast (2,900- 3,000)*, we still believe the economic and profit backdrop is strong enough to support further gains. We could see more volatility around trade policy, midterm elections, higher inflation, or pockets of stress in emerging markets. This bull market is already the longest ever, and the economic expansion may likely become the longest ever this spring. The so-called “wall of worry” that stocks are climbing is high, in our view.
Based on our forecast for a favorable economic and corporate profit environment over the balance of 2018 and into 2019, we are sticking with our positive stock market view. We continue to forecast stronger returns for stocks than bonds over the short-tointermediate term.
The opinions voiced in this material are for general information only and are not intended to provide specific advice or recommendations for any individual. To determine which investment(s) may be appropriate for you, consult your financial advisor prior to investing. All performance referenced is historical and is no guarantee of future results.
The economic forecasts set forth in the presentation may not develop as predicted and there can be no guarantee that strategies promoted will be successful.
Investing in stock includes numerous specific risks including: the fluctuation of dividend, loss of principal, and potential liquidity of the investment in a falling market.
Because of their narrow focus, specialty sector investing, such as healthcare, financials, or energy, will be subject to greater volatility than investing more broadly across many sectors and companies.
All investing involves risk including loss of principal.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is the monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country’s borders in a specific time period, though GDP is usually calculated on an annual basis. It includes all of private and public consumption, government outlays, investments and exports less imports that occur within a defined territory.
The Standard & Poor’s 500 Index is a capitalization-weighted index of 500 stocks designed to measure performance of the broad domestic economy through changes in the aggregate market value of 500 stocks representing all major industries.
The Institute for Supply Management (ISM) index is based on surveys of more than 300 manufacturing firms by the Institute of Supply Management. The ISM Manufacturing Index monitors employment, production inventories, new orders, and supplier deliveries. A composite diffusion index is created that monitors conditions in national manufacturing based on the data from these surveys.
The Industrials Sector consists of companies whose businesses manufacture and distribute capital goods, including aerospace and defense, construction, engineering and building products, electrical equipment and industrial machinery. Provide commercial services and supplies, including printing, employment, environmental and office services. Provide transportation services, including airlines, couriers, marine, road and rail, and transportation infrastructure.
The Technology sector consists of companies that primarily develop software in various fields such as the Internet, applications, systems and/or database management and companies that provide information technology consulting and services; technology hardware & Equipment, including manufacturers and distributors of communications equipment, computers and peripherals, electronic equipment and related instruments, and semiconductor equipment and products.
This research material has been prepared by LPL Financial LLC.
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